LUZZATTO (sometimes Luzzatti), Italian family. The name is probably derived from Lausitz (Lat. Lusatia), from where according to tradition the family emigrated into Italy in the mid-15th century, settling in the Venetian territories. One of the seven Venetian synagogues bore the name "Scuola Luzzatto," and many members of the family are buried in the cemetery of the community on the Lido. Others lived in the towns and townships around Venice. The poet and kabbalist Moses Ḥayyim Luzzatto derived from the Paduan branch of the family. In 1595 the two brothers ABRAHAM and BENEDETTO LUZZATTO, from Venice, settled in san daniele del friuli . From this branch of the family were descended the brothers ephraim luzzatto and isaac luzzatto , both poets. Another descendant, MARCO (Mordecai b. Nathan; 1720–1799), was an author and translator. All of his works are in manuscript, and include a Hebrew-Italian dictionary. When the Venetian government introduced its policy of excluding the Jews from the smaller places under its rule in 1777, the San Daniele community became dispersed. The scholarly carpenter HEZEKIAH LUZZATTO settled in Trieste, where his son samuel david luzzatto was born, the first historian of the family. His son PHILOXENUS (Filosseno; 1829–1854) was an Orientalist. He published many works, including studies on Ḥisdai ibn Shaprut , the Beta Israel (Falashas), and Hebrew inscriptions. The most recent member was FEDERICO LUZZATTO (1900–1961) who, after a distinguished career in the Italian navy, settled as a farmer in Ereẓ Israel, and did valuable research on Italian Jewish history. Today members of the Luzzatto family, sometimes no longer professing Judaism, are to be found in most important Italian cities and scattered throughout the world. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.D. Luzzatto, Autobiografia preceduta da alcune notizie storico-letterarie sulla famiglia Luzzatto… (1882), 7–36; Roth, Italy, index; Milano, Italia, index; Milano, Bibliotheca, index; Volume… Federico Luzzatto (1962); F. Luzzatto, Cronache storiche della Università degli ebrei di San Daniele del Friuli (1964); Zoller, in: REJ, 94 (1933), 50–56; G. Bedarida, Ebrei d'Italia (1950), index. (Umberto (Moses David) Cassuto)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • LUZZATTO (M. H.) — LUZZATTO MOSHE HAYYIM (1707 1747) L’une des plus géniales personnalités juives du XVIIIe siècle. Grand mystique, disciple attardé de Sabbataï Zevi, auteur de nombreuses études kabbalistiques, Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto est, en même temps, un moraliste …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luzzatto — (Plural: Luzzatti) ist ein verbreitet vorkommender Familienname in Italien, welcher auf die Bezeichnung für Zuwanderer aus der deutschen Region Lausitz (lat. Lusatia) beruht. Die Familie Luzzatto Die Luzzattos (hebr. לוצאטו) sind eine heutzutage… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luzzatto — is an Italian surname. According to a tradition communicated by S. D. Luzzatto, the family descends from a German Jew who immigrated into Italy from the province of Lusatia, and who was named after his native place. [http://www.jewishencyclopedia …   Wikipedia

  • LUZZATTO (E.) — LUZZATTO EFRAÏM (1729 1792) Médecin formé à l’université de Padoue, Efraïm Luzzatto a exercé sa profession d’abord à San Daniele, son pays natal, puis à Londres, de 1763 à 1792. C’est en revenant en Italie qu’il meurt à Lausanne. Il est célèbre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LUZZATTO (S. D.) — LUZZATTO SAMUEL DAVID (1800 1865) Né à Trieste, Samuel David Luzzatto a vécu à Padoue, où il a enseigné à l’école rabbinique à partir de 1830 et où il est mort. Ses vastes connaissances philologiques ont fait de lui l’un des meilleurs exégètes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LUZZATTO (S. S.) — LUZZATTO SIMHA SIMEON (1580 1663) Rabbin, historien et apologiste italien, né à Venise, où il a exercé ses fonctions rabbiniques jusqu’à sa mort. Sorte de précurseur italien de l’Allemand Moses Mendelssohn (1729 1786), Simha Simeon Luzzatto… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LUZZATTO, MOSES ḤAYYIM — (Heb. acronym RaMḤaL; 1707–1746), kabbalist, writer of ethical works, rhetorician, logician, and Hebrew poet; leader of a group of religious thinkers who were mainly interested in the problems of redemption and messianism and probably tried to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LUZZATTO, SAMUEL DAVID — (often referred to by the acronym of SHaDaL or SHeDaL; 1800–1865), Italian scholar, philosopher, Bible commentator, and translator. His father, Hezekiah, was an artisan at Trieste and a scholarly Jew who could claim descent from a long line of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LUZZATTO, SIMONE BEN ISAAC SIMḤAH — (1583–1663), Italian rabbi and author. He was born, probably in Venice, of a well to do family of German origin already established in the region for many generations. Luzzatto was ordained in 1606 and served as rabbi in Venice for 57 years. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LUZZATTO, EPHRAIM — (Angelo; 1729–1792), Italian Hebrew poet and physician. Ephraim was born in San Daniele del Friuli, son of Raffael Luzzatto, scion of one of the earliest Jewish families who settled in San Daniele. Already his grandfather, Isacco, embraced the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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